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Miscellaneous Native Stone Constructions

W. Virginia- Stone pavements, perfectly level, one being "one hundred and ninety-two feet in length and about fourteen feet wide."  Another was "one hundred and ninety-two feet in length and about fourteen feet wide" with a "stone circle crowned hill between them"

New York- The Oneida Stone, namesake of the Iroquoian tribe:

"He regarded the Oneida Stone as a proper emblem or representative of the divinity which he worshipped. This stone we saw. It is of a rude, unwrought shape, rather inclining to cylindrical, and of more than an hundred pounds weight. It bears no resemblance to any of the stones which are found in that country. From whence it was originally brought, no one can tell. The tradition is, that it follows the nation in their removals. From it the name of the nation is derived, for Oneida signifies the upright stone. When it was set up in the crotch of a tree, the people were supposed invincible. It is now placed in an upright position on the earth, at the door of the old man's house. A stout man can carry this stone about 40 or 50 rods, without resting ; and this is the manner in which it may be said (with the help of a little priestcraft) to follow them in their removals."         The stone is reportedly turtle shaped.

Connecticut- Sleeping Giant in Hamden, a natural landscape formation invested into Native traditions.

Georgia- Native Americans are associated with two of Stone Mountain's historical curiosities. The first, named "Devil's Crossroads," was a flat boulder roughly 200 feet across and 5 to 10 feet thick. It was cleft by two straight cracks about four feet wide, one running north-south and the other running east-west. The cracks joined at right angles in the center of the boulder and the juncture was capped by another flat rock 20 feet in diameter. The second curiosity was a wall, made of loose fragmentary stone, that encircled the top of the mountain. The wall was discovered by Reverend Francis R. Goulding on a visit in 1822 and later described in a book he wrote entitled Sapelo. The purpose of the wall has never been explained. Historians believed it was used for ceremonial purposes. The wall was so old that the Creek and the Cherokee did not know who had built it, either. They referred to the builders as "the old ones."

North Dakota- Medicine Rock State Historic Site (National Register listed in 1986): From the journal of Captain Clark, 16 January 1805:

"A delightful day. Put out our clothes to sun. Visited by The Big White and Big Man. They informed me that several men of their nation were gone to consult their medison stone*, about 3 days' march to the southwest, to know what was to be the result of the ensuing year. They have great confidence in this stone, and say that it informs them of everything which is to happen, and visit it every spring and sometimes in the summer. "They, having arrived at the stone, give it smoke, and proceed to the woods at some distance to sleep. The next morning, return to the stone, and find marks white and raised on the stone, representing the peace or war which they are to meet with, and other changes which they are to meet." This stone has a level surface about 20 feet in circumference, thick and porous, and no doubt has some mineral qualities affected by the sun. The Big Bellies have a stone to which they ascribe nearly the same virtues."

* Medison Stone - This stone is on Medicine Hill, in Medicine Rock State Historic Site - Grant County, North Dakota   The telling stone sits on a state historic site

Alberta- The Iron Creek meteorite now in the Provincial Museum of Alberta.  This 320-pound stone was "a medicine-stone of surpassing virtue among the Indians over a vast territory. No tribe or portion of a tribe would pass in the vicinity without paying a visit to this great medicine."

South Dakota- The Medicine Rock with "three human footprints of enormous size."

Minnesota- Pipestone National Monument, a National Register listed site first established by Congress in 1937.

Schoolcraft on the sacred Pipestone Quarry to which "almost every adult had made the pilgrimage to the sacred rock and drawn from thence his pipe-stone."

Colorado- A 5,000 year old stone circle, apparently ceremonial.

Georgia- Shaking Rock: "Once the site of Native-American camping grounds, the shaking Rock is a natural phenomena that Oglethorpe County shares with Ireland. A 10-15 ton rock sits on top of a mass of granite. The rock was so well poised it could be moved with the pressure of hands. Time and the elements have disturbed the balance. . ."

Wisconsin- Devil's Lake State Park, home to several earthen effigy mounds including bear-, lynx- and bird-shaped mounds. The Sheboygan Indian Mound Park is home to 18 of an original 34 mounds called the Kletzien Mound Group that were created between 500 and 1000 A.D. They are listed  on the National Register.

Ohio- Turtle Rock effigy




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